Building A Warehouse Mezzanine

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There Is No Detail Too Small For Mezzanine Distributors

When the decision has been made to equip your facility with an industrial warehouse mezzanine, you will need to be able to provide a few key points of information by talking with our industrial mezzanine project manager to obtain a quote.

  • Dimensions

Most mezzanines are simple rectangles or squares and the dimensions can be easily written down. For other designs that are more intricate, a sketch is the best way to show what you are looking for.

  • Mezzanine Height

Mezzanine height is determined in one of two ways. You can either specify a clear height that you would prefer or a Top of Deck height. A clear height indicates the elevation that you would like underneath your mezzanine – from the ground floor to the bottom of the lowest joist. Top of Deck height refers to the distance from the ground floor to the top of the deck of your structure.

Usually, the difference between the two numbers is about 14” to 18”. This accounts for the height of the beams/joists and any flooring above that. By code, a mezzanine must have 7’ clear height below and on top plus the profile of the mezzanine.

  • Column Spacing

Column spacing refers to the distance between each vertical column of the mezzanine. Most companies will be fine with the most economical column spacing which is different for each mezzanine and is determined by the manufacturer at the time of quoting. For those with stricter column requirements, the best thing to do is talk to your industrial mezzanine provider about the specific locations.

  • Load Capacity

Load capacity is critical for mezzanines. Too low of a load capacity will put yourself at risk of the structure failing. Too much of a load capacity, you will waste money on extra steel that you don’t need. If you are just storing extra pallets, all that needs to be known is the size of the pallets and the maximum weight of a pallet then the load capacity is easily determined. For those that will use their mezzanines for extra racking or shelving storage, point loads of these systems will determine the load capacity.

For other pieces of equipment that need to be stored, three pieces of information need to be known. How much does the machinery weigh? What is the footprint of the device? Does the equipment sit flat on the ground or is it on legs (3, 4, etc.)? Load capacity is indicated by pounds per square foot (PSF). 125 PSF is standard for a storage mezzanine.

  • Required Building Codes

The most common building codes that need to be complied with are IBC and OSHA. Other regulations, such as specific local codes, can be met. Speak with our project manager if you have particular needs regarding regulations and certifications. Most mezzanine manufacturers provide products that comply with both OSHA and IBC codes. Most of our structures can only fill up 1/3 of a room. Platforms can fill 2/3, but that will need city approval.

  • Usage

Mezzanines can be used for many different purposes. It is essential to discuss the specific intended use with us. Mezzanines can be used for purposes such as adding a modular warehouse mezzanine office while maintaining floor space. Your mezzanine system can be adapted for extra pallet storage, extra racking, shelving storage, small parts, reserve stock area, packaging storage, and many more options. The usage will affect size, load capacity, and flooring type.

It’s easy to get a mezzanine.

Our Mezzanine Distributors project managers will walk you through the entire process.

Our Accessories Enhance Your Mezzanine

  • Handrail

Since mezzanines are raised platforms, it is vital to incorporate handrails to prevent people or product from falling over the edge. The handrails are sold by the linear foot. So if you have a 50’ x 50’ mezzanine that needs bars on all 4 sides, you would need 200 linear feet of handrail. Generally, sides of mezzanines that are against walls do not need a handrail.

  • Mezzanine Gates

Gates are used primarily for pallet access to the mezzanine. Location and quantity of gates will be determined by the size of your mezzanine as well as your operations – both on your warehouse floor and the mezzanine floor.

  • Staircases

Our stairs, or ladders, are utilized for personnel to access the mezzanine. Many different styles of staircases are available including straight, U-shaped, and L-shaped. Your local code office will be able to tell you how many staircases you need for your warehouse mezzanine system since it is a fire safety issue. Another crucial thing to make clear is whether you want your staircase within the profile of your mezzanine or on the outside.

For example, if you want your staircase on the outside of a 50’ x 50’ mezzanine, your overall footprint would be 2,500 square feet of usable mezzanine space plus the staircase. If you want your staircase on the inside of a 50’ x 50’ structure, then the total profile of your mezzanine including the staircase would be 2,500 square feet. You would not have 2,500 square feet of usable mezzanine space because the staircase would take up some of that. For code purposes, you must be standing no more than 100 linear feet to a staircase wherever you are on the mezzanine.

  • Flooring

Many mezzanine flooring types are available for different applications. Do you want to avoid having to add a fire sprinkler system underneath your mezzanine? An open flooring option, such as bar grating, would be your best option. Are you looking for a smooth surface that will be suitable for personnel foot traffic and pallet jacks? A wood option such as ResinDek would work. Other flooring types include concrete, stainless steel diamond plate, and fiberglass.

  • Finish

Generally, standard powder coat paint is sufficient. Many different colors are available if the company would like to customize their mezzanine. Mezzanines can also be hot-dip galvanized for specific applications such as washdown environments or pharmaceutical companies.


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Curious to see how a mezzanine can improve your facility? Find out today!

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